TRACES OF HADRAMAUT’S INTELECTUALISM IN THE 20TH CENTURY IN NUSANTARA AND THE ROLE OF ITS PESANTREN ALUMNI

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Moh. Ashif Fuadi
Latif Kusairi
Dawam Multazamy Rohmatulloh
Adrian Perkasa
Keywords: Hadramaut, Intellectualism, Nusantara, Pesantren

Abstract

ABSTRACT


This research discusses the traces of Hadramaut intellectualism through the relationship of the scholarly genealogy of Hadramaut ulama with the 20th century Nusantara ulama. In addition, it analyzes the typo­logy of Hadramaut Pesantrens and the role of their alumni in developing the da’wah movement in Indonesia. This research is a literature review study through a library research approach, focusing on books, articles, and online news, strengthened by interviews and field observations. This research found that: first, the Hadramaut Pesantren is connected through the sending of Indonesian students to Darul Musthafa, Rubath Tarim, and al-Ahgaff University; the three institutions show an inclusive character that is still suitable to be applied in Indonesia. Second, the influence of Hadramaut intellectualism can be seen through the relationship between the scholarly genealogy of Hadramaut ulama and Nusantara ulama in the book of safinat al-najā, sulām al-taufīq, muqoddimatu al-hadromiyyah, all of which became the reference books of Nusantara ulama in compiling sharah or explanations of the book of kāsyifat al-sajā, faidh al-hijā 'alā naili al-rojā, nadzam nailul roja, kasyful hijā fī tarjamati safīnat al-najā, tanwīru al-hijā fī nadzmi safīnat al-najā, i'ā nat al-rafīq 'alā nadzmi sulām al-taufīq, inqōdzu al-ghorīq fī nadzmi sulām al-taufīq, mirqōtu al-shu'ūdi al-tashdīq fī syarhi sulām al-taufīq and mauhi­batu dzi al-fadhli al-hasyīyati 'alā mukhtashor afādhol. Third, the influen­ce of Hadramaut alumni, especially the alawiyyin circles, still has a fairly strong prosely­tizing influence in Indonesia after the first batch of 30 students in 1998 Darul Musthafa returned to Indonesia and developed da'wah by establishing taklim assemblies or Pesantrens.


Keywords: Hadramaut, Intellectualism, Nusantara, Pesantren


 


ABSTRAK


Penelitian ini membahas tentang jejak intelektualisme Hadramaut melalui hubungan genealogi keilmuan ulama Hadramaut dengan ulama Nusantara Abad ke-20, dan juga menganalisis tipologi pesantren Hadra­maut dan peranan alumninya dalam mengembangkan gerakan dak­wah di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan studi pustaka (library research) melalui buku, artikel, dan berita online, diperkuat dengan wawancara dan penelusuran lapangan (observasi). Penelitian ini meng­hasil­kan kesimpulan bahwa: pertama, jaringan pesantren Hadramaut ter­hubung melalui pengiriman santri Indonesia ke Darul Musthafa, Rubath Tarim, dan Universitas al-Ahgaff yang ketiga lembaga tersebut menunjuk­kan karakter inklusif yang masih cocok diterapkan di Indonesia. Kedua, pengaruh intelektualisme Hadramaut dapat dilihat melalui hubungan genealogi keilmuan ulama Hadramaut dan ulama Nusantara dalam kitab safinat al-najā, sulām al-taufīq, muqoddimatu al-hadromiyyah, yang se­mua­nya menjadi kitab rujukan ulama Nusantara dalam menyusun syarah atau penjelasan kitab kāsyifat al-sajā, faidh al-hijā ‘alā naili al-rojā, nadzam nailul roja, kasyful hijā fī tarjamati safīnat al-najā, tanwīru al-hijā fī nadzmi safīnat al-najā, i’ānat al-rafīq ‘alā nadzmi sulām al-taufīq, inqōdzu al-ghorīq fī nadzmi sulām al-taufīq, mirqōtu al-shu’ūdi al-tashdīq fī syarhi sulām al-taufīq dan mauhibatu dzi al-fadhli al-hasyīyati ‘alā Mukhtashor Bafādhol. Ketiga, pengaruh alumni Hadramaut terutama kalangan alawiyyin sampai saat ini masih memiliki pengaruh dakwah yang cukup kuat di Indonesia setelah 30 santri angkatan pertama tahun 1998 Darul Musthafa pulang ke Indonesia dan mengembangkan dakwah dengan mendirikan majelis taklim atau pesantren.   


 Kata kunci: Hadramaut, Intelektualisme, Nusantara, Pesantren

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Fuadi, M. A., Kusairi, L. ., Rohmatulloh , D. M. ., & Perkasa, A. (2022). TRACES OF HADRAMAUT’S INTELECTUALISM IN THE 20TH CENTURY IN NUSANTARA AND THE ROLE OF ITS PESANTREN ALUMNI. Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan, 20(1), 227–258. https://doi.org/10.31291/jlka.v20i1.1036

References

  1. Books
  2. Al-Aydrus, Muhammad Hasan. Asyraf Hadramaut Dan Peranan Mereka Dalam Menyebarkan Islam Di Asia Tenggara. Cet.I. Lentera, 1996.
  3. Al-Bukhari, Abdullah Muhammad bin Ismail. Shahih Al-Bukhari. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiah, 1992.
  4. Al-Habsyi, Ahmad bin Zein. Syarhul ’Ainiyyah. Kerjaya: Singapura, 1987.
  5. Al-Haddad, Abdulloh bin Alawi. Ad-Da’wah at-Tammah Wa at-Tazkirah Al-‘Ammah. Beirut: Dar al-Hawi, 2008.
  6. Al-Haddad, Alwi bin Ahmad bin Hasan. Syarhu Ratibil Al-Haddad. Tarim: Dar al-Hawi, 2003.
  7. Al-Kindi, Abdullah bin Ahmad Ba Sudan. Dhakhirat Al-Ma’ad Bi-Syarḥ Ratib Al-Quṭb Al-Ḥaddad. Kairo: Mathba’ah al-Mishriyah, 1959.
  8. Al-Malibari, Abu Bakar. Al-Imdad Bi Al-Syarhi Rotibul Al-Haddad. India: Jamia’ah Markaz al-Tsaqofah al-Sunniyah al-Islamiyah, 2010.
  9. Alyadrus, Novel bin Muhammad. Jalan Nan Lurus Sekilas Pan-dang Tarekat Bani Alawi. I. Surakarta: Taman Ilmu, 2006.
  10. Azra, Azyumardi. Jaringan Ulama: Timur Tengah Dan Kepu¬lau-an Nusantara Abad XVII Dan XVIII: Melacak Akar-Akar Pembaruan Pemikiran Islam Di Indonesia. Jakarta: Mizan, 1994.
  11. Berg, Lodewijk Willem Christiaan Van Den. Hadramaut Dan Koloni Arab Di Nusantara (Jilid 3). Edited by Rahayu Hidayat. Jakarta: Inis, 1989.
  12. ——. Le Hadhramout et Les Colonies Arabes Dans l’archipel Indien. Edited by Rahayu Hidayat. Terj.Hadra. Jakarta: INIS, 1989.
  13. Bruinessen, Martin van. "Pesantren and Kitab Kuning: Mainte-nance and Continuation of a Tradition of Religious Lear-ning" in Wolfgang Marschall (Ed.), Texts from the Islands: Oral and Written Traditions of Indonesia and the Malay World: Ethnologica Bernica." Berne: University of Berne, 1994.
  14. Danandjaja, James. Folklor Indonesia: Ilmu Gosip, Dongeng, dan lain-lain, Jakarta: PT. Pustaka Utama Grafiti, 1997.
  15. Hafidz, Umar bin. Umar Bin Hafidz, Taujih an-Nabih Li Mar-dhaah Baarih, Habib Umar Bin Hafidz Menjawab: Tanya Awab Keseharian Tentang Mendekat Kepada Allah SWT. Edited by Husen Nabil. Terj. Tangerang: Putera Bumi, 2016.
  16. Kuntowijoyo. Pengantar Ilmu Sejarah. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2013.
  17. Mastuhu, Dinamika Pendidikan Pesantren, Jakarta: Inis, 1985.
  18. Tim Majelis Khoir. Sejarah Hadramaut. Malang: Majelis Khoir Publishing, 2020.
  19. Journals, Thesis and Proceedings
  20. Anam, Faris Khoirul. “Model Pengembangan Kurikulum Madra-sah Hadramaut Di Pondok Pesantren Darul Faqih Malang.” Fikroh : Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Pendidikan Islam, Volume 14, No. 1 (2021): 43–46. https://doi.org/10.29300/attalim. v16i2.845.
  21. Alatas, Ismail Fajrie. "Becoming Indonesians: The Bā 'Alawī in the Interstices of the Nation", Die Welt des Islams, Volume 51, No. 1 (2011): 45-108. https://doi.org/10.1163/1570 06011X556120.
  22. As'ad, Muhammad. "The Dynamics of The Indonesian The Hadramis On The Maulid Celebration." Qudus Interna-tional Journal of Islamic Studies (QIJIS), Volume 8, No. 2 (2020): 389–430. https://doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v8i2.6586.
  23. Baessa, Anwar Ahmed, and Ahmad Sanusi Hassan. "An Eva-luation of Space Planning Design of House Layout to the Traditional Houses in Shibam, Yemen." Asian Culture and History, Volume 2, No. 2 (2010): 15–24. https://doi. org/10. 5539/ach.v2n2p15.
  24. Bajri, Hilal Kholid, Nugrah Nurrahman, and Muhammad Fakhri. “Efek CNN Dalam Perang Yaman.” Jurnal ICMES, Volume 3, No. 1 (2018): 1–26. https://doi.org/https://doi. org/10.35748/jurnalicmes.v3i1.30.
  25. Bonnefoy, Laurent. “Yemen : Salafis and the War.” Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, No. 18 (2020): 1–4. https://doi.org/10. 1007/978-3-319-99675-2_417-1
  26. Fazlurrahman, Muhammad. “Ashab Al-Jawiyyin In Haramain: Aktivisme Sosio-Religius Islam Nusantara Activism On Century 17 And 18,” Proceedings of Annual Conference for Muslim Ulama, No. Series 1 (2018): 241.
  27. Haryono, Muhammad. “Peranan Komunitas Arab Dalam Bidang Sosial-Keagamaan Di Betawi 1900-1942.” Al-Turāṡ 21, No. 01 (2015): 165–84.
  28. Hasib, Kholili. “Menelusuri Mahzab Walisongo.” Tsaqafah, Volume 2, No. 1 (2015): 137–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.21 111/tsaqafah.v11i1.257.
  29. Hidayatuloh, Arif. “Studi Analisis Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Akhlak Dalam Kitab Risalatul Mu’awanah Karya Al-Habib Abdullah Bin Alwi Bin Muhammad Al-Haddad.” IAIN Salatiga, 2015.
  30. Jalil, Wan Suhailah Wan Abdul, and Abu Dardaa Mohamad. “Manhaj Dakwah Habib Umar Bin Hafidz.” Al-Hikmah, Volume 11, No. 01 (2019): 143–59.
  31. Kharlie, Ahmad Tholabi. “Literatur Pembelajaran Fiqh di Pon¬dok Pesantren Propinsi Banten,” Jurnal TAJDID, Volume 26, No. 1, (2019): 9. https://doi.org/10.36667/ tajdid.v26i1.¬ 320.
  32. Man, Saadan. “Kedudukan Mazhab Syafi’i Dalam Perkem¬bang-an Ahlus Sunnah Di Negeri Perlis.” Jurnal Fiqh, Volume 4, No. 1 (2007): 141–56. https://doi.org/10.22452/fiqh. vol4no1.7.
  33. Mahtuh, Moderasi Islam Tarim: Kajian Tentang Peran Alumni Yaman di Indonesia, Surabaya: UIN Sunan Ampel, 2020.
  34. Nihwan, Muhammad, and Paisun. “Tipologi Pesantren (Meng¬kaji Sistem Salaf Dan Modern).” JPIK, Volume 2, No. 1 (2019): 59–81.
  35. Nurani, Shinta. “Salafi, Media Baru Dan Moral Panic; Studi Atas Majlis Al-Khidhir.” Jurnal Aqlam Journal Of Islamic and Plurality, Volume 4, No. 1 (2019): 134–49. http://dx.doi. org/10.30984/ajip.v4i1.913.
  36. Permana, Agus, and H Mawardi. “Jaringan Habaib Di Jawa Abad 20.” Al-Tsaqafa: Jurnal Ilmiah Peradaban Islam, Volume 15, No. 2 (2018): 155–80.https://doi.org/10.15575/al-tsaqafa.v15i2.3820.
  37. Qudsy, Saifuddin Zuhri, Zaenudin Hudi Prasojo, Ahmad Rafiq, and Teuku Zulfikar. “The Social History of Ashab Al-Jawiyyin and the Hadith Transmission in the 17 Th Century Nusantara.” ISLĀMIYYĀT, Volume 43, No. 2 (2021): 105–15. https://doi.org/10.17576/islamiyyat-2021-4302-09.
  38. Rifai, A. “Diaspora Ulama Yaman Di Mekkah-Madinah Pada Abad 20.” UIN Syarif Hidayatullah. UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2015.
  39. Rijal, Syamsul. "Internal Dynamics within Hadhrami Arabs in Indonesia: From Social Hierarchy to Islamic Doctrine." Journal of Indonesian Islam, Volume 11, No. 1 (2017): 1–28. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2017.11.1.1-28.
  40. ——. “Kaum Muda Pecinta Habaib: Kesalehan Populer Dan Ekspresi Anak Muda Di Ibu Kota.” Afkaruna, Volume 14, No. 2 (2018): 166–219. https://doi.org/10.18196/aiijis. 2018.0086.166-189.
  41. ——. "Revitalizing Hadhrami Authority: New Networks, Figures and Institutions among Ḥabā’ib in Indonesia." Studi Islamika, Volume 27, No. 2 (2020): 239–73. https:// doi.org/10.36712/sdi.v27i2.9382.
  42. Septiawan, Rizki. “Peranan Syekh Nawawi al-Bantani dalam Penyebaran Dakwah Islam di Nusantara.” Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Kegu¬ruan. UIN Raden Intan Bandar Lampung, 2019.
  43. Slama, Martin. "Indonesian Hadhramis and the Hadhramaut: An Old Diaspora and Its New Connections." Antropologi Indonesia, Volume 29, No. 02 (2014): 107–13. https://doi. org/https://doi/org/10.7454/ai.v29i2.3531.
  44. Suparto, Halid, and Samsul Adabi Bin Mamat. "Bani' Alawiyyin in Indonesia and the Malay World Network, Development and the Role of Institution in Transmitting the Peaceful Mission of Islam." Journal of Indonesian Islam, Volume 13, No. 2 (2019): 267–96. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS. 2019.13.2.267-296.
  45. Websites
  46. Dedik Priyanto, https://www.kompas.tv/article/270631/sosok-habib-ali-kwitang-ulama-berpengaruh-di-tanah-betawi, diakses 3 Juni 2022.
  47. Detik.com. “Masih Ada 100-an Pelajar RI Di Perguruan Dar Al-Hadits Yaman,” 2011. https://news.detik.com/berita/d-1779227/masih-ada-100-an-pelajar-ri-di-perguruan-dar-al-hadits-yaman, diakses 20 Juni 2022.
  48. El-Hudawie, Muhammed Zein. “Secuil Tentang Muqoddimah Hadhromiyah.” Kompasiana. com, 2014. https://www. kompasiana.com/elhudawie/552a5e64f17e613e01d62400/secuil-tentang-muqoddimah-hadhromiyah, diakses 20 April 2022. https://kemlu.go.id/sanaa/id/pages/hubungan_bila teral/1783/etc-menu, diakses 20 Juni 2022.
  49. Istiqomah, Abdurrahman. “Rubath Tarim, Yaman, Mencetak Ratusan Ribu Ulama.” embunhati, 2016. https://embunhati. com/2016/04/20/rubath-tarim-yaman-mencetak-ratusan-ribu-ulama/, diakses 3 Juni 2022.
  50. Latif. “Pesantren Darul Musthofa Tarim Hadramaut Yaman.” Santri.Laduni, 2021. https://www.santri.laduni.id/post /read/71526/pesantren-darul-musthofa-tarim-hadramaut-yaman#, diakses 20 Mei 2022.
  51. Ningrum, Desi Aditia. “Gara-Gara Bunuh Unta Nabi Saleh, Kaum Tsamud Diberi Azab Pedih,” merdeka.com, 2016, https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/gara-gara-bunuh-unta-nabi-saleh-kaum-tsamud-diberi-azab-pedih.html.
  52. Rijal, Ahmad Zuhud. “Kisah Pertama Kali Habib Umar Menda-tangi Indonesia.” Laduni.id, 2020. https://www. laduni.id/ post/read/68153/kisah-pertama-kali-habib-umar-mendatangi-indonesia, diakses 20 Mei 2022.
  53. Rosyidin, M. Abror. “Tarim Kota Santri Dan Kota Wali Di Yaman (Bagian II).” Tebuireng Online, 2017. https:// tebuireng.online/tarim-kota-santri-dan-kota-wali-di-yaman-bagian-ii/, diakses 20 Mei 2022.
  54. Sasongko, Agung. “Yaman Destinasi Favorit Belajar Agama.” Republika, 2018. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/dunia/pd17fs313/yaman-destinasi-favorit-belajar-agama, diakses 21 Mei 2022.
  55. Zikri, Faisal.“Kisah Nabi Saleh dan Jejak Petilasannya di Hadhramaut,” Sanad Media, 2021, https://sanadmedia. com/post/¬kisah-nabi-saleh-dan-jejak-petilasannya-di-Hadhramaut.
  56. Interviews
  57. Interview with Habib Hasan bin Ismail al-Muhdhor, Pesantren Az-Zahir Probolinggo, 2022
  58. Interview with Habib Abdurrahman Basyuro Solo, 2022.