SYAIR SURAT KAPAL: THE PHILOSOPHY OF MALAY ORAL TRADITION AS ISLAMIC DAWAH IN RENGAT RIAU, INDONESIA

Authors

  • Suroyo Suroyo Riau University, Pekan Baru, Riau, Indonesia
  • Derinta Entas Sahid Polytechnic, South Tangerang City, Banten, Indonesia
  • Novena Ade Fredyarini Soedjiwo Islamic Collage of Denpasar, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia.
  • Bima Maulana Putra National University of Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Antonia Soriente University of Naples ‘L’Orientale Napoli, Italy
  • Robert Sibarani University of North Sumatera, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31291/jlka.v22i1.1151

Keywords:

Islamic da’wah, Malay Arab manuscripts, Oral Tradition, Philosophy, Syair Surat Kapal

Abstract

This study explores the philosophical depth embedded in “Syair Surat Kapal,” a cultural artifact from Riau, Indonesia, celebrated for its en­chan­ting poetry and melodious rhythm. The research employs a quali­tative methodology within the framework of cultural studies to investigate the philosophy of Islamic Da’wah embodied in the manuscript. The objective of the study is to examine the impact of Islam on “Surat Kapal,” particularly within the context of the oral tradition of the Malay commu­nity in Rengat. It traces the influence of Islamic teachings on this commu­nity’s oral heritage. This study employs literature review and interviews with seven informants from Riau. The findings of this study underscore the significant role of “Surat Kapal” in shaping the Islamic identity within the community. The underlying philosophy of “Syair Surat Kapal” as a me­dium for Islamic da’wah is anchored in the belief that literature and poetry are potent mediums for disseminating religious teachings and fostering moral values. The vivid imagery and compelling narrative of the poem in the manuscript not only captivate the audience but also impart significant lessons about faith and belief in God. Consequently, “Syair Surat Kapal” exemplifies the power of literature in religious and cultural propagation within an academic context.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Books

Rahman, T. Periodisasi Sastra Dan Antologi Puisi Indonesia. CV. Pilar Nusantara, 2018.

Saefudin, A. Usman Janatin dan Harun Tohir, Kisah Perjuangan Pahlawan Dwikora. Deepublish, 2018.

Stille, M. Islamic Sermons and Public Piety in Bangladesh: The Poetics of Popular Preaching. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2020.

Journal Articles

Adiva Septiara, Yuliantoro, and Asyrul Fikri. “Eksistensi Tradisi Syair Surat Kapal Pada Pernikahan Melayu Indragiri Hulu.” Innovative: Journal of Social Science Research 1, no. 2 (2021): 412–18.

Akmaliah, W. “The Demise of Moderate Islam: New Media, Contestation, and Reclaiming Religious Authorities.” Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies 10, no. 1 (2020): 1–24.

Al-Zaman, M. S. “Social Mediatization of Religion: Islamic Videos on YouTube.” Heliyon 8, no. 3 (2022): 83–90.

Arifianto, A. R. “Islamic Campus Preaching Organizations in Indonesia: Promoters of Moderation or Radicalism?” Asian Security 15, no. 3 (2019): 323–42.

Bin, Abdullah, Abdul Kadir, and Munsyi Abdullah. Hikayat Abdullah (Stories of Abdullah), n.p. 1849.

Ché-Ross, Raimy. “Syair Peri Tuan Raffles Pergi ke Minang-kabau a Malay Account of Raffles’ Second Expedition to The Sumatran Highlands In 1818: Based Partially on Prefatory Material by The Hon. Dudley Francis Amelius Hervey CMG JP, Resident Councellor Malacca (1882-1893).” Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 76, no. 2 (285) (2003): 25–80.

Gardner, V, E. C Mayes, and S Hameed. “Preaching Science and Islam: Dr. Zakir Naik and Discourses of Science and Islam in Internet Videos.” Die Welt Des Islams 8, no. 3 (2018): 357–91.

Halim, W. “Young Islamic Preachers on Facebook: Pesantren As’ Adiyah and Its Engagement with Social Media.” Indonesia and the Malay World 46, no. 134 (2018): 46–60.

Husvina, Selfi, Yuliantoro, and Asyrul Fikri. “‘Wisata Religi Makam Tuan Guru Syeikh Abdurrahman Siddiq Al-Banjari Penyabar Agama Islam di Indragiri Hilir.’” Innovative: Journal Of Social Science Research 1 (2):543-51. 1, no. 2 (2021): 543–51.

Khoirunnisa, R, S Syafniati, and J Jonni. “Pertunjukan Berdah dalam Upacara Perkawinan di Desa Rantau Mapesai, Kecamatan Rengat, Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu.” Laga-Laga: Jurnal Seni Pertunjukan 8, no. 1 (2022): 35–48.

Marlina. “Sosiologi Masyarakat Melayu Riau dalam Syair ‘Surat Kapal’ Karya H. Muhammad Ali Thalib.” Totobuang 6, no. 2 (2018): 245–56.

Mukarom, Z, and I Rosyidi. “Mediatization of Da’wah in Disruption Era: Study of Islamic Da’wah in Social Media.” American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research (AJHSSR) 49 (2020): 190–202.

Pramono, Pramono, Wan Mohd Dasuki Wan Hasbullah, and Ahmad Salman Herbowo. “The Identification of Borneo Malay Manuscripts in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: A Preliminary Study.” Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan 21, no. 1 (June 30, 2023): 1–22. https://doi.org/10.31291/jlka.v21i1. 1106.

Rahman, Muhammad Abd. “Nuansa Sastra Islam dalam Pendidi-kan Islam.” Mozaic: Islam Nusantara 7, no. 1 (April 29, 2021): 79–92. https://doi.org/10.47776/mozaic.v7i1.167.

Rahman, T. Periodisasi Sastra Dan Antologi Puisi Indonesia. CV. Pilar Nusantara, 2018.

Rijal, S. “Performing Arab Saints and Marketing the Prophet: Habaib and Islamic Markets in Contemporary Indonesia.” Archipel: Études Interdisciplinaires Sur Le Monde Insulin-dien 99 (2020): 189–213.

Rofiandri Suardi, and Udi Utomo. “The Art of Nandung in Indragiri Hulu Regency, Riau: The Study of Performance Form and Value.” Catharsis: Journal of Arts Education 7, no. 1 (2018): 78–86.

Saefudin, A. Usman Janatin dan Harun Tohir, Kisah Perjuangan Pahlawan Dwikora. Deepublish, 2018.

Scholz, J. “Dramatic Islamic Preaching: A Close Reading of ʿAmr Khālid.” Religion and Aesthetic Experience, 2018, 149.

Slama, M. “A Subtle Economy of Time: Social Media and The Transformation of Indonesia’s Islamic Preacher Econo¬my.” Economic Anthropology 4, no. 1 (2017): 94–106.

Stille, M. Islamic Sermons and Public Piety in Bangladesh: The Poetics of Popular Preaching. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2020.

Suroyo, and Bima Maulana Putra. “The Tradition of The Lampu Colok Ahead of Eid Al-Fitr in Relegious Values of The Malay Society in Pekanbaru.” Jurnal Studi Agama Dan Masyarakat 18, no. 1 (June 30, 2022): 12–20. https://doi. org/10.23971/jsam.v18i1.4042.

———. “Tradisi Nandung sebagai Pembentukan Karakter pada Masyarakat Rengat Indragiri-Hulu Riau.” An-Nas 6, no. 1 (2022): 1–13.

Suroyo, Novena Ade Fredyarini Soedjiwo, Derinta Entas, and Bima Maulana Putra. “Philosophy of Ketupat and Opor: The Spreading of Islamic Preaching through Local Culinary in Java Island.” Culture and Religion 23, no. 2 (April 3, 2023): 180–204. https://doi.org/10.1080/1475 5610. 2024.2312125.

Suroyo, Neni Hermita, Bedriati Ibrahim, and Bima Maulana Putra. “Bedekeh Ritual and Cultural Belief of Suku Akit in Rupat Island, Bengkalis, Riau.” Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan 20, no. 1 (2022): 173–202. https://doi.org/10.31291/jlka. v20.i1.977.

Suroyo, Bima Maulana Putra, Ni Luh Nyoman Seri Malini, Antonia Soriente, Robert Sibarani, and Bedriati Ibrahim. “Influence of Hindu Tradition on Petang Megang Ritual and Its Significance to the Indigenous Muslim Community in Pekanbaru Riau.” Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage 11, no. 1 (June 28, 2022): 62–83. https://doi.org/10.31291/hn.v1 1i1.641.

Suroyo, Bima Maulana Putra, and Sri Ratnawati. “The Analysis of Islamic Theology Toward Mandi Safar Ritual in Akit Tribal Bengkalis-Riau.” Analisa: Journal of Social Science and Religion 7, no. 1 (July 19, 2022): 93–108. https://doi. org/10.18784/analisa.v7i1.1649.

Thaib, E. J. “The Communication Strategies for Moderate Islamic Da’wah in Countering Radicalism in Gorontalo City, Indonesia.” Jurnal Komunikasi: Malaysian Journal of Communication 36, no. 4 (2020): 143–56.

Tjønndal, Anne. “The Complete Muhammad Ali.” Sport in History 38, no. 3 (July 3, 2018): 421–23. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/17460263.2018.1503825.

Warehouse, B. A Critical Edition of the Syair Perang Siak, with A Consideration of Its Literary and Historical Signifi¬cance. Donald James Goudie, 1976.

Wibowo, A. “Penggunaan Media Sosial sebagai Trend Media Dak¬wah Pendidikan Islam di Era Digital.” Jurnal Islam Nusantara 3, no. 2 (2019): 339–56.

Yulita Fitriana. “Pola dan Pembentukan Persajakan Syair Surat Kapal.” Madah 6, no. 1 (2015): 73–81.

Zakaria, N, and N. S Mat Akhir. “Theories and Modules Applied in Islamic Counseling Practices in Malaysia.” Journal of Religion and Health 56, no. 2 (2017): 507–20.

Informants

Winda Harniati, Speaker

Dr. Fatmahwati, M. Pd, BRIN

Dr. Elmustian, lecturer of Universitas Riau (UNRI)

Downloads

Published

2024-06-30

How to Cite

SYAIR SURAT KAPAL: THE PHILOSOPHY OF MALAY ORAL TRADITION AS ISLAMIC DAWAH IN RENGAT RIAU, INDONESIA. (2024). Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan, 22(1), 41-68. https://doi.org/10.31291/jlka.v22i1.1151